The most effective way to make sure a special needs child is properly provided for upon your death is to create a Special Needs Trust for them. A Special Needs Trust is administered by a trustee whose duty is to provide for the financial and medical needs of the special child in accordance with the written instructions in the trust. A Special Needs Trust will protect the assets you leave for the use of the child from the unscrupulous. A minor may also need a guardian who will oversee the child’s emotional, religious, and social needs.